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甫寸-dr.libo的博客

甫寸之《胃靠养肠靠清》

 
 
 

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李博 男,中国中医科学院西苑医院 中医消化内科副主任医师,2006年毕业于北京中医药大学。 2005-2012曾担任丁香园循证医学版版主7年, 2014年获得NSFC国家自然科学基金青年项目资助 2015年入选北京市科技新星计划, 2015年入选中国中医科学院西苑医院育才计划。 2016年入选北京中医药传承“双百工程”唐旭东主任医师学术继承人 2016年1月出版小说体中西医消化内科科普书《胃靠养肠靠清》。

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在坦桑尼亚给凯文讲中医五行——I take an information about the five elements(five evolutive phases)for my Canadian friend Kevin.  

2009-05-05 01:21:19|  分类: 充实工作 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2009年5月4日星期一

在坦桑尼亚给凯文讲中医五行——I take an information about the five elements(five evolutive phases)for my Canadian friend Kevin.

 

凯文对中医的阴阳五行以及八纲,黄帝内经都非常感兴趣,于是我和他专门探讨了这个问题。把五行的表列出来给他看,他还很清楚,酸对应着肝,吃酸的东西有助于疏肝理气。

 

五行

五脏

五色

五方

西

五味

五志

五音

五季

长夏

五气

暑湿

 

Five elements

Mood

Fire

Earth

Metal

Water

Five viscera

Liver

Heart

Spleen

Lung

Kindey

Five colours

Blue/green

Red

Yellow

White

Black

Five orientations

East

South

Center

West

North

Five tastes

sour

bitter

sweet

Hot/pungent

salty

Five expressions of emotions

Anger

Happy

Anxiety

Grief

Fear

Five notes

Jue

Zhi

Gong

Shang

Yu

Five seasons

Spring

Summer

late summer

autumn

winter

 

 

Five kinds of elements

Wind

Fire

summer  hygrosis

dryness

frigidity

 

 

我还给他介绍了中医的病因学说,致病理论。外因包括六淫邪气,内因包括七情, 外因通过内因起作用。

 

外因:风、寒、暑、湿、燥、火

内因:怒、喜、思、悲、忧、恐、惊

The cause of disease——

Extrinsic cause——Wind、frigidity、summer、hygrosis、dryness           frigidity、Fire;

Internal cause——Anger、Happy、Anxiety、Grief、Fear.

 

我们的目标是 阴阳平衡。

Our object—— Yin Yang balance.

 

关于黄帝内经

A VERY BRIEF HISTORY

The oldest medical book that mentions herbs is the Huang Di Nei Jing - The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine. Differing opinions date the book between 800 BC and 200 BC. It’s a compendium of medical theory and practice attributed to the Yellow Emperor who is thought to have lived c.4700 BC or to be a mythical character whose age and royal status would provide credence to a contemporary work.

The period during which the Nei Jing appeared was one of great creativity and change. By 265 BC (when some scholars believe the Nei Jing was published) the transition from a shamanistic medicine to one based on theory and an accumulated body of knowledge was almost complete. Although the Nei Jing was supposed to have been written 2500 years prior it almost exclusively discusses the medicine of theory and accumulated knowledge. So the 28 substances and 12 prescriptions listed in the Nei Jing are the first mention of the Chinese herbal medicine which continues to be practiced now.

By 220 AD national and provincial government medical services were established. Professional specialties included prescribing physicians, senior physicians, junior physicians, apprentices and pharmacists. During the Chin Dynasty (265 AD - 420 AD) the Imperial University was established and medicine was part of the curriculum.

About 500 AD The Divine Husbandman’s Classic of the Materia Medica was published. This text contained the first references to “properties” of herbs and the first classification system for herbs other than the Five Element tastes. There were three major categories.

-Superior herbs - those which nourish life

-Middle Herbs - those which correct constitution

-Inferior herbs - those which expel disease

The Divine Husbandman’s Classic also sorted herbs by taste and temperature and it warned of toxic herbs. The catalog of substances contained plants, animals and minerals.

In 659 AD The Newly Revised Materia Medica, the first illustrated text of herbs, containing 844 entries, was published. 1108 AD saw the appearance of the Materia Medica Arranged According to Pattern which had 1558 entries. 1596 AD brought The Grand Materia Medica with 1892 entries. By 1977 5,767 entries were listed in the Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicinal Substances.

The period from 659 to the 1700’s saw the birth and evolution of several important components of herbal medicine theory. These components have continued in use to this day and are presented in the section Theory of Herbal Medicine.

关于八纲辨证

Qi is vital life energy.  Moisture is the liquid medium which protects, nurtures, and lubricates tissue, and blood is the material foundation out of which we create bones, nerves, skin, muscles, and organs.

TCM practitioners diagnose health problems using various combinations of the eight guiding principles.  For example, a patient might be diagnosed as having an "internal cold" or "external heat" condition. Used in conjunction with the five element theory, the eight guiding principles give the TCM practitioner a more complete picture of a patient’s energy imbalances and determine the treatment to be pursued through acupuncture, herbs, diet, and exercise.

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